Liposuction Liposculpture

Liposuction (liposuction or liposculpture) is a surgical procedure that involves the suction, through thin cannulas, of excess fat in certain localized areas of the body, including abdomen, hips, buttocks and thighs, knees, chin, cheeks and neck. Liposuction is performed in the operating room under general anesthesia (patient intubated), spinal or epidural anesthesia (patient is conscious, while regions of the pelvis and lower limbs are numb) or even local anesthesia with "conscious sedation”.

Basically, the surgery consists in the removal of the adipose tissue in excess: this is obtained by a cannula connected to a suction device (suction pump or large syringe); the cannula is inserted into the fat located under the skin through small incisions (2-3 mm) made around the area to be corrected. The pipe is then gently pushed through the fat until reaching the affected area. Together with the fat sucked, a variable amount of fluids is released. Therefore, it is important, especially for more extended liposuctions, that these fluids are replaced intravenously during and after the procedure.

Once the surgery is completed, the small incisions are closed with stitches or skin patches, the patient should wear an elastic girdle (for about a month) in order to close the aforementioned blood vessels and limit post-operative edema (swelling).